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A History Of Yoga For Everyone



Yoga is an age-old science made up of distinct disciplines of mind and body. It's originated in India 2500 years ago and is still effectual in bringing well http://www.yogasimple.net being and general health to any person who does it consistently. The word yoga relies upon a Sanskrit verb Yuja. It means to concur, to culminate or to connect. It's the culmination of body and mind or the culmination of Jiva and Shiva (soul and the heart that is universal). It is also culmination and Prakriti (Yin and Yang).

The term Yoga has a very extensive scope. There are systems or several schools . Dnyanayoga (Yoga through knowledge), Bhaktiyoga (Yoga through devotion), Karmayoga (Yoga through action), Rajayoga (Royal or supreme Yoga) and Hathayoga (Yoga by balancing opposite principles of body). Each of these schools of Yoga are not necessarily very different from each other. They're like threads of the exact same material, entangled into each other. For tens of thousands of years, Yoga was looked upon as a productive method of self-improvement and spiritual enlightenment. All these systems basically have this same purpose; only the means of reaching it are different for every one of them. In its most widely used form, the term Yoga has come to connect with the last of the systems which is Hathayoga. For the purpose of the article also, the expression Yoga is used with the same meaning. The term Yoga is going to have scope that is more comprehensive although, in regards to Philosophy of Yoga, which is right at the end of this article,.

Asana and Pranayama

Let's take a detailed look in the principal two elements of Hathayoga i.e. Asana and Pranayama.

a) Asana:
Asana means adopting a body posture as long as one's own body permits and keeping it. Asana, when done according to the rules render tremendous physical and psychological advantages. Asana are looked upon as the preliminary step to Pranayama. With the custom of Asana there's a balancing of opposite principles in mind and the body. It also helps you to eliminate inertia. Advantages of Asana are improved with longer maintenance of it. Asana should be steady, secure and agreeable. Here is the outline of general rules for doing Asana, to be followed.

Overview of rules:

1. Normal breathing
2. Focused stretching
3. Stable and pleasant bearings (sthiram sukham asanam)
4. Minimal exertions (Prayatnay shaithilyam)
5. No comparisons or competition with others
6. No jerks or actions that are fast. Keep a slow and steady pace.

Each asana a couple common benefits like stability, flexibility, better hormonal secretion, feeling refreshed and rejuvenated and also has its benefits. It is a misconception that the Asana (Yoga stretch) has to be difficult so as to be beneficial to do. Many Asana of the simplest leave many of the most popular advantages of Yoga to their fullest. Besides, the beauty of Yoga is in the truth that at a not-so-perfect degree most of the benefits continue to be accessible. That means a beginner gains from Yoga as much as an expert.

Inside their quest to work out a solution to the anguish of human body and head, Yoga's creators found part of their solutions in the nature. They watched the birds and creatures stretching their bodies in particular fashion to eliminate the inertia and malaise. Based upon these observations, Yoga stretches were created by them and named them after the birds or animals or fish that inspired these stretches. For instance, matsyasana (fish pose), makarasana (crocodile pose), shalabhasana (grasshopper pose), bhujangasana (cobra pose), marjarasana (cat pose), mayurasana (peacock pose), vrischikasana (scorpion pose), gomukhasana (cow's mouth pose), parvatasana (mountain pose), vrikshasana (tree pose) etc.

A lot of the Asana could be broadly categorized based upon the type of pressure to the abdomen. The majority of the forward bending Asana are positive pressure Asana as they put positive pressure on the belly by crunching it e.g. Pashchimatanasana, Yogamudra (Yoga symbol pose), Hastapadasana (hand and feet pose), Pavanmuktasana (wind free pose) etc. The backward bending Asana are the negative pressure Asana as they take pressure from the abdomen e.g. Dhanurasana (bow pose), Bhujangasana (cobra pose), Naukasana (boat pose) etc. Both kinds of Asana give superb stretch to the back and abdomen and fortify both these organs. Alternating between negative and positive pressure on the same region of the body intensifies and enhances the circulation of blood in that place. The muscle group in use gets more supply of oxygen and blood because of the pressure on that spot. E.g. in Yogamudra (symbol of Yoga), the lower abdomen gets positive pressure due to which Kundalini is awakened. Hastapadasana refreshes all nerves in the back and also in the trunk of the legs. As a result you feel rejuvenated and fresh. A massage that is good is given by Vakrasana to the pancreas and liver and consequently is recommended for diabetic patients.

2. Pranayama
Practicing Pranayama is one of the ways of getting rid of mental disturbances and physical ill health. Pranayama means managed and prolonged period of breath. Prana means breath. It also means life force. Ayama means controlling or elongation. The inhalations are not twice longer than the exhalations in Pranayama much like a pendulum requires long to come back to its original location. The main purpose of Pranayama is really to bring mental firmness and control desires by commanding breathing. Breathing is a function of nervous system that is sovereign. The scope of volition is broadened by bringing the involuntary process of respiration under control of mind. Pranayama is bridge (exoteric) Yoga and Antaranga (introspective or esoteric) Yoga. A body that Kriya has has not become unstable by Asana and cleansed (cleansing procedures) is ready for Pranayama. About the other hand Pranayama prepares your head and body for spiritual and meditational custom of Yoga including Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi. On physical level, blood raises in oxygen, afterwards refreshing and rejuvenating the nerves as well as the brain. Here are some physical benefits of Pranayama.
a. Lungs, chest, diaphragm become stronger and fitter.
b. Capacity of lungs is raised.
c. Slow altering pressure creates a kind of massage to all organs in the stomach cavity.
d. Purifies blood by increasing blood's capacity to absorb more oxygen.
e. Brain functions better with more oxygen in the blood.
f. Neuromuscular coordination enhances.
g. Body becomes slender and the skin glows.

There are 8 primary Pranayama namely, Ujjayi, Suryabhedan, Sitkari, Shitali, Bhastrika, Bhramari, Murchha, Plavini. Among these, Ujjayi is the most used Pranayama. Pranayama consists of 4 parts in the next arrangement:
1) Puraka (Managed inhalation)
2) Abhyantara Kumbhaka (Holding breath)
3) Rechaka (Controlled exhalation)
4) Bahya Kumbhaka (Holding breath out).

The ratio of these parts to every other is usually 1:4:2:4 with a few exceptions. Patanjali's Yogasutra agrees with this particular ratio along with many other scriptures. With the objective of general well-being, practicing the very first three parts is not insufficient. A religious practitioner normally practices all four parts including the past one i.e. Bahya Kumbhaka. This type of professional additionally does many more repetitions than someone who does it for well being and general health. Out of the four parts it is the Abhyantara Kumbhaka that is basically identified with Pranayama. There's one more Kumbhaka that occurs spontaneously and is called Keval Kumbhaka.

Bandha (Locks) are quite crucial to the practice of Pranayama. Mulabandha (locking the anus), Jalandharbandha (locking the throat region or jugular notch), Udiyanabandha (locking the abdomen or diaphragm) and Jivhabandha (locking the tongue) are the four locks that are performed during Pranayama. Based upon the purpose of Pranayama (general well-being or religious), locks are performed. Mulabandha, Jalandharbandha and Udiyanabandha would be the common Bandha performed by everyone. Jivhabandha is mandatory only if done for religious goals.
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